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News [National Movie Archive Column] To convey the actual situation of the earthquake about a hundred years ago

One scene of the clip "layout of the overhead line", the survey materials (upper right), survey note (lower right) by disaster historian, Mr. Tanaka.

 Through movie theaters, DVDs and BDs, and the Internet, we can easily enjoy not only new works but also old movies. Have you ever thought that the movie is still "left"? If someone does not leave in an appropriate way, modern movies may not be seen in 10 or 20 years. The National Movie Archive is working on a variety of aspects every day with the creed of "leaving movies and taking advantage of the movie." The spokeswoman will guide you inside the work of the National Movie Archive through the voice of the staff of the staff. Welcome to the world of dazzling "film archives"! [Column] National Movie Archive Column National Movie Archive has been "Japanese Animation Movie Classics" (https://animation.filmarchives.jp/index.html), "HTTPS: // meiji. Through a website such as Filmarchives.jp/), we have released the films held online online. On September 1 of this year, we launched the third video distribution site, "Kanto Great Great Great Great Great Kanto Earthquake Digital Archive" (https://kantodaishinsai.filmarchives.jp/). 。 This site is an attempt to publish all movies related to the Great Kanto Earthquake held by the Great Kanto Earthquake by September 1, 2023, which is the 100th anniversary of the Great Kanto Earthquake, and is now rare as a major Kanto Earthquake -related movie. You can see the recorded film, "Kanto Great Great Sherman Fire Fire Fire". You may be surprised to see the video and say, "Why is it so clear, though it was a video 100 years ago?" "The video (although it depends on the communication environment) is distributed at the resolution of HD, but the film itself scanned at 4K. This is one of the points to get a clear image. The fact that the material has more information than the HD and 4K gap is much more influenced by Mr. Kazumi Miura, a researcher who was in charge of digitalization work. For example, the same as the characters become rough every time a paper document is copied, the more the film is duplicated from the film to the film, the lower the image quality. The original negas used in the shooting are the most clear and the amount of information, but the "first -generation" positive print made from the original nega keeps the vivid images after that. For example, "Tomijiro Kobayashi" (1910), which is distributed in "Japan in the Meiji era in the Meiji era", is an original nega (designated as a national important cultural property) despite being a work of 110 years or more. It was a very rare case that remained, and it was possible to release a very clear video because it digitized the "first -generation" positive print as a material. The "Kanto Great Great Great Great Fire Fire" was blessed with great luck, although the original nega was lost. The first -generation Positive print, which had been stored for many years at a temple in Tsuchiura City, Ibaraki Prefecture, was donated in line with this site. Miura says. "In the past, there were no more accurate machines as in modern times, so even if it was a first -generation print, there were some poor image quality. This time, the concentration and focus were maintained, information. It was a very large amount of prints. In that sense, it is most important to search for old -fashioned films in order to save and publish films with clearer images. Not only, but we will identify which of the oldest generation that we can now get. Because of the accumulation of such surveys and research, we were able to discover film and release such a clear video. I think it is "I think" the concept of this site is about 65 % of the Japanese movies held by the museum, but there are many cultures, recorded movies and news movies with limited screening opportunities compared to drama films. It started with the place where I want people to see it. Among them, it was decided to focus on the Great Kanto Earthquake, considering the abundance of collections and the accumulation of information about it over a long period of time. The accumulation of past collection activities and research research led to the opening of the site. Although it is the third time to open a video distribution site, the Great Kanto Earthquake Digital Archive has the first unique attempt. The point is that the work was divided into a clip based on place names and scenes, and search and browse for each clip. Akira Tochigi, a specific researcher who was involved in opening the site as a team leader, talked about its intentions and significance as follows. "In discussing how cultural and recorded movies can be shown on the site as an attractive content, live -action images are to cut out real space and time in the first place, so the element is a guide. There has been a plan to see if a lot of information can be drawn out of the video. People who want to know what kind of damage they were currently familiar to me and what was the situation. There should be many, so I thought it was significant to partially cut the work and present it in connection with the location. By dividing it into a clip, I became able to understand each detail, and at the same time understand the details. I feel that doing what the whole work has been created will be better to understand what intentions were made. "On the page of each clip, the shooting time from the estimated shooting time, the shooting location. A variety of details are described, from new addresses, old addresses, or library materials, and related materials. Regarding which scene to clip, "The shooting period of this work has been around more than a month immediately after the earthquake, but I wanted a scene where important phases during this time were drawn better. At the same time. Many people, including the Japanese Red Cross and Youth Corps, were engaged in rescue and rescue activities that began immediately after the earthquake. I thought, "said Tochigi. In addition, "Another disaster historian Tanaka Masaru Tanaka (Tanaka / Masaru) and researchers accumulate very useful information about the location and time identification, and clarify related materials. I wanted to leave the place where the results are more shown as a clip. For example, there is a clip entitled "I want to see the direction of Manseibashi Station from Kanda Myojin hill." I didn't know at all, but Tanaka -sensei was identified as Kanda Myojin, based on the traces of the viaduct, station, and post offices on the distant view, referring to the photo book at the time. I was honestly stunned to this. " It seems to be a daunting survey to identify detailed information only with the video as a clue. Mr. Tanaka, who has been investigating the Great Kanto Earthquake for many years, talked about what kind of work he did. "The shooting location is a terrain or a flat place, and based on the rough information, which is projected. If there is a trajectory, the location is limited at that time, and if the hill is reflected, it will be Ueno, Kudan or Atagoyama. I will identify more in detail. Speaking of Ginza, the Wako building in 4 -chome is reflected, but at that time, there was a classic place, an angle when reflecting a certain city. I am a postcard in such a place. Since the company's pamphlets are collected as materials, we will consider them in combination with the maps. In some cases, the same place as the movie is reflected at the same angle, otherwise, the address is to some extent. If you narrow down, you can check if it is consistent in light of the survey reports on buildings that collapsed or fired due to the earthquake and the remnants of the building reflected in the image. Even if it is not a place, if you know the name of the company or store that is reflected, there is a way to check the telephone book, the history of the company, and the industry magazine. " In the report created by the "Earthquake Prevention Council", the "Tokyo City Fire Map", which recorded which place and when it burned from which direction, was burned. It seems that it was estimated by referring to that. If the location of the clip where the fire is undergoing has been confirmed, and if the flame or smoke is visible somewhere, it seems that it can be narrowed down to some extent as if the flame and smoke can be seen in the direction. 。 Mr. Tanaka said, "I am a person who specializes in the history of urban planning, but by helping my work in other fields called movies," What kind of person is projected there, and what is the reason why the cameraman is. It was very interesting to take a picture of it and find out where you left at the editing stage, and it was very interesting to mention the unique viewpoint of movie research. " He told me the impressions he did. The "Kanto Great Sherman Fire Fire Fire" has also been uploaded to the Youtube channel (https://www.youtube.com/c/nfaj_pr) so that more people can see it. If you know detailed information, you may be able to feel more realistic about the catastrophe that occurred about 100 years ago. You can visit the place with your new address, follow the original and related materials to find new interests. Then, through the platform called "Great Kanto Earthquake Video Digital Archive", you can feel the significance and value of the movie is stored properly and is placed in an accessible and accessible state. think.

ニュース 【国立映画アーカイブコラム】約百年前の震災の実態をいまに伝えるために

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